Cyber security

One large, safe and sustainable energy network

All charging stations in the Netherlands are connected to one large smart network in order to use renewable energy as optimally as possible. To make this possible, all the different elements have to ‘communicate’ with each other and are connected to different IT systems and back offices. It is important that these systems, the charging infrastructure and the network are properly secured. That is why cyber security is an important topic for ElaadNL.

The smart charging infrastructure is becoming increasingly extensive, which is why it is now time to take the next steps and make the charging infrastructure even safer than it already is. This includes improving the level of cybersecurity in the communication protocols, such as OCPP and OCPI, as well as the security of card charging and the authorization of EV drivers – proof that you are who you say you are. It also includes the security of the measurement data on which Smart Charging is based; it is important that people do not just have access to this information.

Security and interoperability

The charging infrastructure faces the challenge of being open and accessible to everyone, for all kinds of vehicles, software systems, charging protocols and apps, and being protected against hackers, criminals and other malicious parties. You want to prevent people with malicious intent from entering the network and, for example, trying to charge cars en masse to disrupt the system, but you do want useful apps to make loading easier. How do we ensure a secure system that is interoperable and accessible at the same time? What agreements do we need to make to achieve that?

Network operators cooperation

Together with the Dutch grid operators Enexis, Liander and Stedin, ElaadNL and the European Network for Cybersecurity (ENCS) have taken the first steps and developed a (basic) set of cybersecurity requirements for charging stations. The set has been developed after extensive research.

In addition, ElaadNL conducts a continuous program in which all aspects of Cybersecurity are highlighted and investigated.

Also watch the (Dutch) webinar that we organized together with the ENCS about Cybersecurity and charging stations.

The provinces of North Brabant and Limburg meet strict requirements

The charging stations operated by Vattenfall in North Brabant and Limburg are the first charging stations in the Netherlands that fully meet these strict criteria. The charging stations are more than a simple ‘socket socket’. They contain ICT and are connected to underlying computer networks in order to be able to control them and, for example, to arrange payments. The connected networks also facilitate smart charging. With this, a car with an appropriate power (charging speed) can be charged at the most effective moment, without overloading the grid, for the driver, energy provider and grid operator. This means that charging stations must also be properly secured physically and technically against hackers so that underlying systems are protected.

Working Group on Safety in the National Agenda for Charging Infrastructure

The subject of ‘cyber security and charging infrastructure’ also falls under the Safety working group of the NAL (the National Agenda for Charging Infrastructure). In the coming years, hundreds of thousands of public charging points will be installed and they will be present in the field for a long time. Good cybersecurity is a precondition for guaranteeing our mobility and the stability of the power grid.

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